1. The procedure for submitting articles
The editorial board accepts for consideration articles in English, Ukrainian and Russian.
After receiving positive reviews and being accepted for publication, English-language articles are printed in priority order.
The names of the co-authors of the collective article are given in the sequence they have adopted.
The authors submit the manuscript of the article to the journal, thereby confirming its compliance with all established requirements, that they own exclusive copyrights to the article, that it has not been previously published and has not been submitted to the editorial office of other journals, and that the article does not contain information, forbidden for publication in the open press. Articles that do not meet the specified requirements are not accepted for consideration.
All articles undergo a double blind peer review (anonymous to the author) by independent reviewers - leading scientists of the journal's subject area. In case if the submitted article does not meet the requirements or the editors and reviewers provide additional commentary, the editorial staff declines the article or sends materials to the author for revision. After revision, the author submits a revised version of the article, as well as a response to the comments of reviewers as a separate table.
The editorial board reserves the right to perform literary editing and reduction of the text of the article without notifying the author. Manuscripts are not returned, proofreading and reprints of articles are not sent to the authors.
2. The structure and content of the article
The structure of the article should comply with the requirements of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and the international scientific community and should contain the following elements:
1) The introduction briefly reveals the essence and condition of a scientific problem (task) in a general form, as well as its significance and connection with scientific and practical tasks, the grounds and initial data for developing the topic, the rationale for the study. Through critical analysis and generalized comparison with known solutions to problems, authors briefly substantiate the relevance (the degree of importance at the moment and in this situation) and the appropriateness of work for the development of the corresponding field of science or technology. The introduction covers the description of the object of research (a process or phenomenon that generates a problem situation and is selected for study), the subject of research (contained in the object), the purpose of the work and clearly formulated tasks that must be solved to achieve the goal (as a rule, these formulations begin with the verbs: to develop, to identify, to justify, etc.). It also provides background information on the topic of the article, which will allow the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the presented study without additional reference to other literary sources, as well as describes the gaps and contradictions in the study of the problem being solved.
2) Literature review and analysis, both of domestic and foreign experts, identifies the main stages in the development of world scientific thought on the problem being solved, identifies previously unresolved parts of the general problem and determines the role of the article in solving the problem, and justifies the choice of research direction. This section refines, concretizes, supplements and expands on the introductory material, serves as its justification and explanation. The authors describe the statement of the problem and the purpose of the study with the justification of the relevance of the problem that is being solved.
3) Research results present the experimental or theoretical data obtained in the work to demonstrate that a new solution to the problem was achieved and that the work is a significant step forward as compared to previous studies. The data is presented in processed form (tables, graphs, diagrams, equations, photographs, figures) with a description of what is shown in the illustrations, brief summary and statistical estimates. The results should be presented briefly and clearly and, although they contain enough information to evaluate the findings, it should also be obvious why exactly that data was chosen for analysis. In this section, only facts are presented, while their analysis, interpretation and comparison with analogues are given in section 4 “Discussion”. Theoretical articles include the results of studies performed using methods of cognition such as abstraction, synthesis, analysis, induction, deduction, formalization, idealization and modeling. The main thesis is presented that will be further analyzed with a subsequent conclusion. Empirical articles using a number of theoretical methods mainly rely on practical methods of measurement, observation, experiment, etc.
4) Discussion of the results contains analysis, interpretation, as well as assessments of the reliability and significance of the results of work, but does not repeat them. The results are compared with similar results by other authors, the similarities and contradictions with other studies are explained, the limitations are indicated and the practical application of the research results is suggested, the feasibility of further studies is justified. The Discussion should be more theoretical, generalized and abstract in comparison with the Results.
5) In the Conclusions section, the obtained scientific and practical results, their novelty, recommendations for practical use, and promising ways for further scientific research in this direction are described. Conclusions contain a brief (no more than one page) formulation of the solved scientific problem (task). The scientific novelty of the results is presented reasonably, concisely and clearly. It is necessary to bring the achieved quantitative and qualitative indicators of the study, to formulate recommendations for their use.
6) Acknowledgements express appreciation for the financial, organizational and technical assistance to individuals (listed by a name and indicating the position and organization) and organizations, and also reflect the relationship of work with scientific projects, grants and scholarships (with reference of the topic and registration number of the research work, as well as also a source of funding).
7) Appendices are given if necessary and contain additional material (intermediate evidence, formulas and calculations, tables of supporting data). The title of the appendix provides information that the material is an appendix. If there are two or more appendices, they must be numbered in capital letters. In this case, the formulas, figures and tables in the Appendices are numbered with the appendix number (for example, formula (A.2) – the second formula of Appendix A, Table B.1 – the first table of Appendix B). The editors have the right to use appendices when reviewing articles without publishing them.
8) The list of References contains a bibliographic description of the sources used in writing the article, which is provided in the form of a numbered list in the original language, in the order of the links appearing in the text (the so-called “Vancouver Numerical System”). The list of references includes only those works that have been cited in the article and published in print format or online.
Journal names should not be abbreviated. All sources listed should be referred in the text of the article.
The bibliographic description of each source should, if available, be accompanied by its Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which is given after the bibliographic description of the source and separated by space. The bibliography should be correct (the corresponding results should be present in the indicated article), accurate (the correct number and page numbers, etc.), modern (describe the latest achievements in the issue under study), accessible (should not contain links to unpublished works). It is recommended to compile a list of references from at least 30-35 sources. The share of the authors ’own works should be no more than 25%. At least 30% of the total should be sources published over the past five years. When compiling a list of references, preference should be given to English-language sources or translations into English of foreign-language sources, which should be at least 50% of the total number, as well as sources indexed in the scientometric databases Scopus and/or Web of Science. Links to sources are given in square brackets, for example, ; pages are separated by a comma [3, p. 35].
If an electronic version of the material is used as the source, it is recommended to provide a link to this version at the end of its description, as well as the date when it was last valid.
For articles in English with Russian, Ukrainian or foreign sources, the source language should be indicated at the end of its description in parentheses.
All English sources should have each word of the name capitalized, with the exception of aspects.
9) The transliterated list of References, in accordance with the requirements of the scientometric base SCOPUS, is a complete analogue of the list of References and is based on transliteration of the original language in Latin. It is required only for articles in Ukrainian or Russian. Moreover, the number and order of sources in the list of references should remain unchanged. Links to English sources are not transliterated. The transliteration of the Ukrainian language in Latin is based on the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 55 dated January 27, 2010 (http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/55-2010-%D0%BF), for Russian - on the basis of GOST 7.79-2000 (ISO 9-95) (http://protect.gost.ru/document.aspx?control=7&id=130715). It is recommended to use automatic transliteration tools (http://translit.net).
3. Article design
1) The header is filled in by the editorial board. The position of the header relative to the top edge of the sheet is 1.25 cm. The name of the journal is indicated on the first line in the left corner; the year, volume, issue No. and the number of pages of this article - (2019; Vol.2 No.3: 15–28) - are indicated in the right corner. On the second line, the section of this article is noted. The inscription is aligned in the center, the line spacing is single. All this data is in Times New Roman font, 10 pt. Then the header is underlined below with a solid line 1 pt thick.
The author leaves space for one additional line from the top edge of the sheet.
The footer is filled by the author. The position of the footer relative to the bottom edge of the sheet is 1.25 cm.
Different footers are set for the first page of the article, as well as for subsequent even and odd pages. A table consisting of one row and three columns is inserted in the footer. The table is separated from above by a solid line 1 pt thick. The remaining borders of the table are made invisible.
For the first page of the article, the DOI of the article (provided by the editorial board) is indicated in the central column of the table. For subsequent pages of the article, the central column of the table is empty.
In the left column of the table for odd pages and in the right for even pages, the ISSN (Print) number is indicated, and below it the ISSN (Online) number of the journal.
In the right column of the table for odd pages and in the left for even pages, the editorial board notes the page number
The text in the footer table is in Times New Roman, 10 pt., Line spacing is single.
2) The UDC (Universal Decimal Classification) index (11 pt, left justification, no indentation of the first line) is given in accordance with the tables issued by the UDC Consortium (http://www.udcc.org).
3) List of authors
In English: first name, one letter of the middle name, last name of each author in the nominative case, after the last name a superscript (given after the list of authors and indicates the workplace, city and country of residence), academic degree, academic title, position, email address, ORCID ID: (registration on the site - https://orcid.org/register)
Oleg N. Sinchuk1, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Automated Electromechanical Systems in the Industry and Vehicles Department, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, ORCID: 0000-0000-0000-0000
Ihor А. Kozakevych1, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Automated Electromechanical Systems in the Industry and Vehicles Department, E-mail: email@example.com,ORCID: 0000-0000-0000-0000
Denis N. Vornikov1, post-graduate student of the Automated Electromechanical Systems in the Industry and Vehicles Department, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, ORCID: 0000-0000-0000-0000
1Kryvyi Rih National University, Vitaliy Matusevich, 11, Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine, 50027
In Ukrainian and Russian: last name with a comma after it, initials of the name, patronymic, superscript footnote similar to English version, academic degree, academic title, position, email address, ORCID ID: (registration on the site – https://orcid.org/register)
1Cинчук, Олег Васильевич, доктор технічних наук, професор, зав. каф. інформаційних технологій, E-mail: email@example.com, ORCID: 0000-0000-0000-0000
1Козакевич, Ігор Аркадійович, кандидат технічних наук, доцент каф. інформаційних технологій, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, ORCID: 0000-0000-0000-0000
1Ворніков, Денис Миколайович, здобувач каф. інформаційних технологій, E-mail: email@example.com, ORCID: 0000-0000-0000-0000
1Криворіжський національний університет, вул. Віталія Матусевича, 11, м. Кривий Ріг, Україна, 50027
4) The name of the article should be short, clear, informative, and expressive, reflect the content of the article and attract the attention of the reader. The maximum length of the name is 15-20 words excluding service ones.
5) The abstract is provided in the language of the article (the title is bold, 9 pt, the rest of the text in the same line is plain, 9 pt wide; the whole text is in italics). This is a brief overview, accessible for a non-specialist, characteristic of the article in terms of its purpose, content, type and form, which allows you to understand the main content of the article, determine its relevance and decide whether to read the main work. The abstract should be informative, substantial (reflect the main content of the article and research results) and structured (reflect the logic of describing the results in the article). A structured abstract should contain: Relevance, Purpose, Method, Results, and Conclusions (scientific novelty and practical significance are described). It should contain a general description of the research topic and the problem being solved or the object being investigated, the purpose of the scientific research, a description of the research method, as well as that of the scientific novelty and practical significance of the work, the main results and conclusions, the value of the study and its contribution to the corresponding field of knowledge. The subject, theme and purpose of the work are indicated if they are not clear from the title of the article. The abstract should not repeat the text of the article nor its title, and should not include numbers, formulas, tables, in-text footnotes, links and abbreviations, as well as indentions.
The recommended average volume of abstract is 300-350 words (at least 1800-2000 printed characters).
6) Keywords (heading - bold, 9 pt, then the text in the same line - plain, 9 pt wide; all text in italics) express the main semantic content of the article, serve as a guide for the reader and are used to search for articles in electronic databases and abstract journals. They are selected from the text of the article in clusters of 4-10 words or phrases, separated from each other by a semicolon, and should reflect the theme, purpose, subject of research and field of science to which the article belongs.
UDC Index, authors list, article title, Abstract and Keywords are provided in English, Russian (for citizens of the CIS countries) and Ukrainian (for citizens of Ukraine).
4. Requirements for the design of the article
When submitting an article in English, authors must simultaneously provide an authentic translation into Ukrainian or Russian.
The size of the article should be from 15 to 17 pages, designed in accordance with these requirements.
The editorial board recommends the articles be submitted in Microsoft Word 2003 format (‘doc’). Using Microsoft Word (‘docx’) can be allowed as an exception, if formatting the specific article proves impossible using ‘doc’ format.
The following formatting options are used in the article:
General parameters for all elements of the article: font: Times New Roman; line spacing – single.
Individual font parameters for individual elements of the article:
- for the title of the article: font size 12 pt, bold, capital letters, paragraph without indentation of the first line, center alignment;
- for abstract: the title is bold, size 9 pt, then the text on the same line is plain, alignment justified, 9 pt; indent – 0.75 cm.;
- for table cells: font size 8 pt; no indention;
- for all other elements of the article (including the main text): font size 11 pt, alignment in width; indent – 0.75 cm.
Column formatting options for individual article elements:
- for UDC, the list of authors, article title, abstract, keywords, information about the authors, the number of columns is one;
- for the remaining sections of the main text of the article, the number of columns is two (to switch to two columns, use the section break on the current page); the width of the column is 8.25 cm, the distance between the columns is 0.5 cm.
Partition names are given in bold.
Abbreviations and conventions, besides the generally accepted ones, are used in exceptional cases and have to be complemented by their interpretation at the first mention.
One empty line is inserted before the name of each section, before the formulas in separate lines and after them, before the name of the table, before and after the table, before and after the picture, as well as after the name of the picture,
The copyright symbol “©” is placed on the first page of the article at the bottom of the left column, followed by the names and initials of all authors and the year (font for the text of the copyright is Times New Roman, font size 10 pt.)
The last page of the article must be filled to at least 75% of the volume. Articles failing to meet this requirement are not accepted to review.
The presence of empty areas within the text left before or after large illustrations is not allowed. Authors should organize the mutual placement of illustrations and text in such a way as to exclude the appearance of empty areas.
Microsoft Word files page options:
- page size – A4 (210mm x 297mm);
- page margins: top, left and right – 2 cm, bottom – 2.5 cm;
- orientation – portrait;
- alignment – in width;
- hyphenation mode – auto;
- pages are not numbered by the authors.
In the page layout parameters in the “Paper Source” section, the checkboxes “Distinguish headers and footers” in the items “Even and odd pages”, “First page” must be set.
The editorial board recommends using built-in formula editor Microsoft Equation 3.0 to display the formulas. The use of the formula editor of Microsoft Word 2010-2019 can be allowed as an exception in case the tools provided by Microsoft Equation 3.0 are proven to be insufficient.
Microsoft Equation 3.0 options should be set as:
- character sizes: regular - 11, large index - 8, small index - 6, large symbol - 14, small symbol - 10;
- style parameters: matrices and vectors - bold; variables - italics, other styles - without italics and bold;
- intervals - by default.
When using Microsoft Word 2010-2019 formula editor, the element sizes should conform to the font sizes in the main body of text.
Formulas are center-aligned in the main text column. Indent isn’t used (set to 0)
Before submitting the article for review the authors must make sure all the formulas are provided in the editable format. Providing the formulas as an image or otherwise inaccessible isn’t allowed.
Manuscripts made with deviations from these requirements are not accepted for review.
The article should not contain grammatical or other errors, and should also correspond to the subject of the journal and the requirements of specialized scientific publications.
The text should be as simple as possible. The article should avoid unnecessary detail, intermediate formulas and conclusions; well-known facts should not be cited, the contents of tables and illustrations in the text should not be repeated. Copyright accents are not recommended.
The text must comply with the spelling standards:
- in English – http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html,
- in Ukrainian – http://litopys.org.ua/pravopys/pravopys2015.htm,
- in Russian - http: //gramota.ru.
The full point (dot) is not set after the title of the article and the headings of sections as well as the names of tables and dimensions (s - second, g - gram, min - minute, deg - degree).
The dot should be set after footnotes (including in tables), notes to the table, brief annotations, and abbreviations (mo. - month, yr. - year, M. - million)
Ordinal variables should be written following the rules: in the English text after the variable set “-th” with hyphen (for example, i-th). In the Russian and Ukrainian text: if the numeral ends with a consonant, then after the hyphen leave one letter (example: итый = i-й); if the numeral ends with a vowel followed by a consonant, then after the hyphen two letters are left (example: i-того = i-го); if the word ends with a vowel followed by a consonant, then after the hyphen leave one letter (example: i-тая = i-я).
There are always spaces between the initials and surname (example: A. A. Ivanov). Abbreviations of several words are separated by spaces (example: 760 Hg mm), with the exception of the most common (for example etc.; i.e.). Space is placed between the sign of the number or paragraph and the number (example: No. 1; § 5.65). Dimensions are separated from the figures by a space (example: 100 kPa, 77 K, 10.3 A), except degrees and percents: 90°, 20° C, 50%. Quotation marks and brackets are not separated by spaces from the words enclosed in them.
In numerical intervals and enumeration the dimension is given only for the last number (18-20 J / mol), with the exception of angular degrees. Angular degrees never cut out: 5° - 10° and not 5-10°. Celsius degrees are written as 5° C and not simply 5°.
All units and dimensions must be brought into compliance with the International System of Units (SI).
Numbers less than 11 should be written in words, higher and lower numbers combined with them in one sentence should be written in numbers. Numbers recorded with units should be written only in numeric formats and all numbers should be written in numeric format when used in a mathematical sense. The integer and fractional parts of numbers in Russian and Ukrainian text are separated by a comma and in English by a period. Decimal fractions of less than one must always be preceded by a zero (for example, 0.123). It is advisable not to start sentences with numbers.
Ellipsis is used in mathematics to show continuation in an expression, for example: 1) x1, x2, …, xn; 2) x1 + x2 + … +xn; 3) i = 0, 1, 2, …, K.
Lists consist of more than one item. Each list item should be preceded by a number with a bracket or with a period or by a hyphen for an unordered list. If the elements of the list continue the sentence, they are separated by a semicolon, a colon is placed before the list after the generalizing word, and each element begins with a lowercase letter. If the elements of the list are separate sentences, then each of them begins with a capital letter and ends with a full point (dot).
Subtext footnotes are not allowed.
References to literary sources in the text of an article are numbered sequentially, identified by numbers in square brackets (for example, [1; 3-7]) and entered manually without using the built-in automation capabilities of a text editor.
Links to figures and tables are typed with spaces (for example: Fig. 1, Table 2). Moreover, numbers with letters in the designations are typed without spaces: (Fig. 1e).
Illustrations (figures and tables) are placed immediately after the text where they are mentioned for the first time, or on the next page. All illustrations should be referenced in the article. The number of figures and tables should be no more than five to seven, and the total volume should be no more than two or three pages. If the article is accompanied by a large amount of illustrative material, then it is published in fragments, and in full is posted by the author on the Internet, and a link is placed in the text of the article. Graphic illustrations must meet the requirements of the standards of the “Unified system of design documentation” (http://vsegost.com/Catalog/47/4712.shtml) and the “Unified system of program documentation” (http://vsegost.com/Catalog/28/28346.shtml). Illustrations and their names are center-aligned within the main text column. Indent isn't used (set to 0).
Figures are placed in the text of the article, sequentially numbered and signed below, for example: “Fig. 1. Name of”. The size of the picture should not exceed the width of the page (17 cm) or the width of the column (8 cm). The inscriptions in the drawings are made in Times New Roman font, size 11 pt. The captions to the figures should contain decoding of graphic and text symbols, they are included in the text, and not in the graphic files. If a separate picture consists of fragments, then they should be indicated by letters without brackets (a, b, c, etc.) and located on one page, and links to them are given in the text with a lowercase letter next to the figure number without a space and brackets (for example, Fig. 1a, Fig. 2b).
Tables compactly present numerical or factual information in a grid format. Tables are created using the capabilities of MS Word (Table / Add table), placed in the text of the article, sequentially numbered and signed at the top, for example: “Tab. 1. Name”, and links to tables in the text are given with an indication of the number (for example, Table 1). A table typically contains at least two rows (including column headings) and two columns. Otherwise, the information may be better represented as a list. Units should be given in the column headings, and not be repeated for each record in the body of the table. A table containing graphics (e.g. arrows on a flow chart) is probably best viewed as a graphic illustration, although sometimes graphics can be embedded in a table (e.g. chemical structures). Tables typed as text (using a large number of spaces without using cells) cannot be used.
Formulas are located immediately after the text aligned to the center of the column and are numbered in parentheses to the right if they are referenced in the text. Large formulas are written in several lines. Variables in the text and formulas are in italics if they are represented by Latin letters. Greek letters, as well as symbols of operators and functions (min, max, sin, cos, tg, ctg, etc.) are not italicized. In formulas and mathematical notations, the use of Cyrillic characters is not recommended. Small-sized formulas without numbering and individual mathematical symbols are given in the text of the article in the usual way without using the formula editor.
The numbering of figures, formulas and tables in the text of the article is end-to-end single-level. Font used is Times New Roman 11 pt, center alignment, numbering - in brackets, on the right.
Articles that do not correspond to the design of the indicated structure will be returned by the editors to the authors for revision at the input control stage.
At the end of the article, the photograph(s) of the author(s) of 3x4 cm in size, as well as full name(s) and research interest area next to the photograph(s) are required. All data mentioned should be translated into three languages.
Author photos and their scientific interests are set into cells of a table with invisible borders.
Note. Articles of authors from ONPU are accompanied by the recommendation of the head of the department or a recommendatory extract from the protocol of the meeting of the department.
Article template can be accessed here.